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Rheumatology: what is Paediatric Rheumatology

Paediatric Rheumatology is the medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory diseases of the musculoskeletal system and other autoimmune diseases in children or adolescents. 

Are infantile rheumatic diseases different?

Paediatric rheumatic diseases are different from adult ones. Children are not small adults. They have their own characteristics in terms of symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Our patients are constantly growing and maturing, which means that their diseases must be addressed in a specific way.

What are the most common diseases in Paediatric Rheumatology?

The most common rheumatic disease in children is Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), but other diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, juvenile dermatomyositis or vasculitis, including Kawasaki disease, are also prevalent. We also treat children with autoinflammatory syndromes, such as PFAPA syndrome or other diseases characterised by recurrent fever. Bone diseases include osteoporosis and osteogenesis imperfecta.

When should you visit a paediatrician rheumatologist?

Joint pain and swelling are the main symptoms for which patients go to a specialist, but there are others. Some rheumatic diseases present some of the following symptoms:

  • Prolonged fever of unknown cause or recurrent febrile episodes.
  • Limited movement or deformity of the joints.
  • Repeated fractures.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Repeated oral thrush.
  • Limp without a history of trauma.

The Paediatric Rheumatology Clinical Unit of SJD Barcelona Children's Hospital

Offering the best treatments allows us to improve the quality of life of the children and adolescents who visit our hospital.

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