Children who require admission to the Intensive Care Unit are those who are in a critical condition. Among the most common cases we treat are the following:
- Patients who develop a serious illness such as meningitis, meningoencephalitis or myocarditis.
- Complex cancer patients.
- Patients with severe trauma.
- Assistance in the post-operative care of highly complex surgeries such as tumour resection or the correction of congenital anomalies, as could be cardiac malformations. Care of kidney and bone marrow transplant patients.
- Illnesses which do not usually require intensive care but which get worse and require monitoring and treatment in the unit. Examples of this include pneumonia or viral infections (e.g., the flu or bronchiolitis). Complications can occur in children without any underlying disease, but they occur more often in patients with heart disease, lung disease, cancer, or other types of problems.
- Children who suffer from chronic diseases and who may be in a serious condition. This is the case of patients with diabetes who suffer acute decompensations.
- Cases of sepsis, a widespread infection that seriously affects children and can be life-threatening. If this disease is diagnosed, which is frequently seen in the PICU, the early prescribing of an antibiotic treatment and admission to the unit markedly improves patient survival.