In the Haematology laboratory, studies targeting the diagnosis and monitoring of different haematological diseases are conducted, both malignant (leukaemias) or else quantitative and/or qualitative alterations of erythrocyte, platelet and/or granulocytic series.
The analysis of different specimens (peripheral blood, bone marrow, node samples, etc.) is performed by means of cytology, flow cytometry, molecular biology and biochemical techniques.
The main haemoglobinopathies and haemostasis are also studied.
The Biochemistry laboratory is tasked with analysing multiple biological magnitudes that provide information about the diagnosis and monitoring of metabolic pathologies (inborn errors of metabolism), hormone-or tumour-based conditions, gastrointestinal function (coeliac disease, pancreatic function), autoimmunity and allergies.
It also deals with drug monitoring and fertility studies. The technology employed is based on biochemical quantification techniques (spectrophotometry, HPLC, CG-MS, UPLC/MS-MS, capillary electrophoresis, ICP-MS, to name but some) and different molecular biology techniques.
The Microbiology laboratory performs the aetiological diagnosis of infectious diseases. The Bacteriology, Parasitology and Mycology area isolates and identifies pathogenic agents and reports on their sensitivity to drugs. The Serology area quantifies different viral antigens and IgG and IgM levels versus multiple pathogens.
The Molecular Microbiology laboratory uses molecular biology techniques to identify and quantitate viral and bacterial pathogens.
The Genetics laboratory performs analyses and studies targeting the diagnosis of genetic and hereditary diseases. The Cytogenetics area performs classic and molecular karyotyping techniques for prenatal and oncohaematological diagnosis, among other conditions.
The Molecular Genetic area uses different molecular biology techniques to identify alterations in individual genes in order to study gene panels, as well as the exome.
Central and Emergency Laboratory
The Central and Emergency laboratory works non-stop as a real-time or rapid-response laboratory. It performs urgent analyses and delivers, in the shortest possible time, the results of haematimetry, gasometry, biochemistry in blood and urine, basic urine examination tests and other quick tests.
Being a laboratory linked to a children’s hospital, all techniques are performed using the lowest possible volume of blood.
Similarly, the laboratory concentrates all determinations performed in an automated fashion for routine or scheduled analyses.
The Transfusion Service is responsible for providing the haemotherapy support required by the patients attended to at the hospital, particularly in operating theatres and the servicies of Neonatology, Intensive Care and Oncology and Haematology.
The immunohaematology tests that are needed to guarantee safe transfusions are carried out in its laboratory.
The service also takes charge of different therapeutic procedures that are performed in contact with the patient: apheresis, plasma exchange, etc.