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Oncology: developmental cancer

Childhood cancer is not the same as adult cancer

Developmental cancer, better known as childhood cancer, affects children, adolescents and young adults. It originates during organ and tissue formation, in the process of human development. In the majority of cases, the causes of developmental cancers are unknown.

The incidence of childhood cancer is 1 case for every 200 cases of cancer in adults. This low incidence makes childhood cancer a rare disease.

Childhood cancer cannot be prevented, and so the early-diagnosis measures taken in adults are not applicable in children. Research is the only way to continue furthering knowledge of childhood cancer. The causes, therapies and responses to treatment of children are unique to these types of cancer and very different to those of adults.

The cure and survival rates are also not the same. In general, childhood cancer is cured in 80% of cases, but in certain types of tumour there is still no hope of a cure.

Developmental cancer is the leading cause of death in Spain among children between 5 and 14 years of age, and the second leading cause of death among children between 15 and 24 years of age, after accidents.

The SJD Barcelona Children's Hospital's Oncology Department

The SJD Barcelona Children's Hospital's Oncology Department is the national reference centre of for the treatment of developmental cancer and an international reference centre for determined types of tumours.